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The modern wind power industry began in 1979 with the serial production of wind turbines by Danish manufacturers Kuriant, Vestas, Nordtank, and Bonus. These early turbines were small by today's standards, with capacities of 20 to 30 kW each. Since then, they have increased greatly in size, while wind turbine production has expanded to many countries all over the world.

There are now many thousands of wind turbines operating, with a total nameplate capacity of 121,188 MW of which wind power in Europe accounts for 55% (2008). World wind generation capacity more than quadrupled between 2000 and 2006, doubling about every three years. By comparison, photovoltaic has been doubling about every two years (48%/year), although from a smaller base (15,200 MW in 2008). 81% of wind power installations are in the US and Europe. The share of the top five countries in terms of new installations fell from 71% in 2004 to 62% in 2006, but climbed to 73% by 2008 as those countries -- the United States, Germany, Spain, China, and India -- have seen substantial capacity growth in the past two years (see chart).

By 2010, the World Wind Energy Association expects 160GW of capacity to be installed worldwide  up from 73.9 GW at the end of 2006, implying an anticipated net growth rate of more than 21% per year.

Wind Turbine Global Capacities

#

Nation

2005

2006

2007

2008[1]

1

United States

9,149

11,603

16,818

25,170

2

Germany

18,415

20,622

22,247

23,903

3

Spain

10,028

11,615

15,145

16,740

4

China

1,260

2,604

6,050

12,210

5

India

4,430

6,270

8,000

9,587

6

Italy

1,718

2,123

2,726

3,736

7

France

757

1,567

2,454

3,404

8

United Kingdom

1,332

1,963

2,389

3,288

9

Denmark (& Faeroe Islands)

3,136

3,140

3,129

3,160

10

Portugal

1,022

1,716

2,150

2,862

11

Canada

683

1,459

1,856

2,369

12

Netherlands

1,219

1,560

1,747

2,225

13

Japan

1,061

1,394

1,538

1,880

14

Australia

708

817

824

1,494

15

Sweden

510

572

788

1,067

16

Ireland

496

745

805

1,245

17

Austria

819

965

982

995

18

Greece

573

746

871

990

19

Poland

83

153

276

472

20

Turkey

20

51

146

333

21

Norway

267

314

333

428

22

Belgium

167

193

287

384

23

Egypt

145

230

310

390

24

Taiwan

104

188

282

358

25

Brazil

29

237

247

338

26

New Zealand

169

171

322

325

27

South Korea

98

173

191

278

28

Bulgaria

6

20

35

158

29

Czech Republic

28

50

116

150

30

Finland

82

86

110

140

31

Morocco

64

124

114

125

32

Hungary

18

61

65

127

33

Ukraine

77

86

89

90

34

Mexico

3

88

87

85

35

Iran

23

48

66

82

36

Costa Rica

71

74

74

74

 

Rest of Europe

129

163

 

 

 

Rest of Americas

109

109

 

 

 

Rest of Asia

38

38

 

 

 

Rest of Africa & Middle East

31

31

 

 

 

Rest of Oceania

12

12

 

 

 

World total (MW)

59,091

74,223

93,849

121,188

CAPACITIES IN INDIA 

State

Gross Potential

Technical Potential

Andhra Pradesh

8275

1750

Gujarat

9675

1780

Karnataka

6620

1120

Kerala

875

605

Madhya Pradesh

5500

825

Maharashtra

3650

3020

Orissa

1700

680

Rajasthan

5400

895

Tamilnadu

4050

1750

West Bengal

450

450

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copyright 2007 Centre for Application of Renewable Energy 
email : windpower@live.co.uk .     care.indiar@live.co.uk